Stellated Icosahedron

I’ve been motivated by George Hart and Zachary Abel to make my own mathematical sculpture with found objects :-). A few former students dropped by to visit me this afternoon and I put them to work making this (they had no where to be, right!?):

A cardboard stellated icosahedron

It’s a stellated icosahedron, made out of these little triangular pyramids. I did not make the pyramids, they came to me this way. Can you guess what their original purpose was?

Pop quiz: What do you think this is??

My wife and I redid our kitchen a few years ago, and I saved twenty of these from (did you guess it yet?) the packaging our cabinets came in. For each cabinet, there are 8 of these keeping the corners safe. The construction process was pretty straight forward, but here are some photos documenting the event.

Construction begins

Every vertex looks like this on the inside.

Almost done!

The last piece goes on.

Here are some more views of the icosahedron. The icosahedron has a symmetry group of size 60.

There are 15 pairs of opposite edges, each with 2-fold symmetry (for a total of 15 orientations, not counting the identity)

There are 10 pairs of opposite faces, each with 3-fold symmetry (for a total of 20 orientations, not counting the identity)

There are 6 pairs of opposite vertices, each with 5-fold symmetry (for a total of 24 orientations, not counting the identity)

So (1 identity) + (15 edge symmetries) + (20 face symmetries) + (24 vertex symmetries) = 60 total orientations.

Now I just need to find a large enough Christmas tree upon which to put this giant star!

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